Record braking energy saving in Venlow Energy greenhouse
- 70 kilos with only 10 m³ gas
In mid-November 2014, the VenLow Energy greenhouse on the Energy Innovation and Demo Centre in Bleiswijk, The Netherlands yielded more than 70 kilo's of tomatoes of the 'Komeet' variety. This was achieved with a heat demand of only 10 cubic meters of natural gas equivalents.
Hence the search for minimal energy use for growing greenhouse vegetables which has reached the goal, and the experiment is successful, says Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture. The VenLow Energy greenhouse is the result of a collaboration of Boal systemen, Scheuten Glas, Climeco Engineering and Ammerlaan Construction.
In an average year, the demand would have been around 12.5 cubic meters of natural gas equivalents, but that's still less than half compared to the 27 cubic meters which is the reference for energy-efficient tomato cultivation in practice. Still, the standard for tomato cultivation is between 33 to 38 cubic meters.
The low consumption was achieved by growing the tomatoes in a greenhouse with HR ++ insulating glass, an energy screen that was closed at night with minimal heating. All this was possible through the use of the Air & Energy System by Ammerlaan Construction. The Air & Energy system guarantees considerable energy savings. This is made possible by dehumidification in combination with a high efficiency heat recovery section, with a yield up to 95%.
Also, it’s not necessary to burn gas in this greenhouse for the production of CO2, as it’s connected to the OCAP infrastructure for CO2.
- Low evaporation
The biggest difference from last year is the high humidity which was accepted during the night. The high isolation achieved a fuel consumption of 14.5 cubic meters in previous years.
The additional saving of this year is due to the restriction of the evaporation which was possible with the high humidity. The nocturnal evaporation was reduced with 60 litres per square meter. Less evaporation means direct savings on latent heat. Growing with high humidity is only possible if one can optimally steer the climate, as was made possible by the Air & Energy system.
In practice, it is often said that high evaporation is necessary for good production. The growers who have followed this trial were therefore very curious about any negative effects of such reduced evaporation.
However, the crop ended up growing as well as in previous years and the quality of the tomatoes was also similar.